Doctors prescribe a healthy diet with emphasis on fruits and vegetables. Aside from controlled portion sizes, they recommend cutting back on processed food, sugar and refined carbohydrates.
An international guideline for assessing and managing PCOS recommends an intake of 1,500 calories daily if the goal is weight loss. Still, little evidence supports that a low-calorie diet benefits those suffering from PCOS.
A review of seven studies published in Maedica shows women with PCOS can benefit from a diet that contains non-starchy fruits and vegetables low in the glycaemic index. Here are some examples:
- bean sprouts
- brussels sprouts
- salad greens
- berries like strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and blueberries
- citrus fruits like oranges, tangerines, grapefruit and lemons, peaches, plums, apricots, cherries, and pears
Aside from plenty of fruits and vegetables, you can eat:
- fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids
- whole grain products
- nuts and seeds
- healthy sources of fat like olive oil, walnuts, almonds and avocados
- nut butter, tofu, beans, lentils and low-fat dairy products as a source of protein
- lean red meat and chicken in small quantities
- low-fat or fat-free dairy