Hormones traverse the bloodstream, allowing various organs to perform their functions accurately. They play a fundamental role in regulating several physiological processes, including metabolism, emotions, cardiovascular condition and bone health.
Below are examples of hormones that significantly impact female health:
- Oestrogen is responsible for the development and maintenance of female reproductive organs.
- Progesterone plays a vital role in preparing the uterus for pregnancy and supporting the growth and development of the foetus.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the growth and maturation of ovarian follicles.
- Luteinising hormone (LH) triggers the release of the egg from the ovary during ovulation. LH is also involved in the production of oestrogen and progesterone.
- Testosterone in females is produced by the adrenal glands and ovaries in small amounts, influencing sex drive, mood and cognitive function. When combined with oestrogen, testosterone contributes to the growth and maintenance of a woman's muscle and bone mass.
- Thyroid hormones affect many bodily functions, including weight, heart rate, body temperature, energy levels, skin, hair, and nail growth.
- Insulin helps transport glucose into cells to fuel for energy and controls glucose (sugar) levels.
- Cortisol is a steroid hormone the adrenal gland produces in response to stress. It helps regulate blood sugar levels, blood pressure, immune function and metabolism. It also helps control the sleep-wake cycle.
Hormones naturally fluctuate as women go through life stages, making hormonal balance crucial in preventing potential health problems.